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Course Descriptions

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OPT 101 Physics I   3 0 4
Physical quantities, definitions of units, vectors and scalar quantities, motion, equilibrium, equilibrium of rigid bodies, Newton’s Laws of motion, application of Newton’s Laws of motion, frictional force, mass, bodies rotating around an axis, conservation of energy, dynamics and kinematics of particles, work and energy, vibration, momentum, angular momentum, collision and scattering.

 

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OPT 102 Physics II   3 0 4
Physical quantities, definitions of units, vectors and scalar quantities, motion, equilibrium, equilibrium of rigid bodies, Newton’s Laws of motion, application of Newton’s Laws of motion, frictional force, mass, bodies rotating around an axis, conservation of energy, dynamics and kinematics of particles, work and energy, vibration, momentum, angular momentum, collision and scattering.

 

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OPT 102 Physics II   3 0 4
Point light sources, rays, refraction, prisms, prismatic effect of the lenses, , prism aberration, definition of vergence and its applications, diopter, multiple lens systems, lens effects of objects, moving-image graphics, power of the refractive surfaces, power of spherical surface, thin lenses in an environment other than air, thick lenses, real power of lenses and magnification of lens systems, telescopes, astigmatic lenses, mirrors.

 

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OPT 103 Geometrical Optics I   3 0 5
Light and its nature, light propagation, Huygens Principle, wave theory, particle model of light, photon energy, wave model of light, laws of reflection and refraction, polarization, polarized glasses, binocular and ophthalmic devices and applications, diffraction, types of diffraction, scattering, reflection and the laws of reflection, prisms and prism dispersion, total internal reflection, transmission and absorption of light, thin lenses equation, thin lens systems, photometers.

 

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OPT 104 Geometrical Optics II   3 0 4
Real objects and displays, lenses and image formation, dual lens systems, object-image movements, lens effects, chart analysis (conjugate points, optical axis, focal points, nodal points, rays transfer, central ray, lateral magnification), refractive surface strength, exaggerated vergence, metabasites spherical surface, focal length, spherical surface power, thin lenses, thick lenses, real power, lenses and lens systems magnification (lateral, axial and angular magnification, telescopes, magnifiers surgical loop), spherical lens aberrations (spherical prevention), astigmatic lenses, mirrors, reflection laws, reflective power, vergence calculations, flat, concave and convex mirrors.

 

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OPT 105 Anatomy and Physiology of the Eye   2 1 5
Introduction to eye anatomy, eyes, organs, orbital anatomy, eye lids and caps glands, tear system, bulbus oculi; cornea and sclera, cornea limbus, uvea (choroid, body iris and pupil), the retina of the eye cavities (anterior chamber, posterior chamber, vitreous cavity of the lens), the extra ocular muscles (rectus muscles, oblique muscles), the eye's nerves (II., lll., lV., V., VI., and VII. cranial nerves, autonomic nervous system), ways of seeing, eye physiology: the cornea, tears, aqueous humor, lens, vitreous, retina, visual mechanism for adaptation to light.

 

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OPT 106 Material Knowledge   2 1 5
The basic materials in the laboratory, hand tools, optical instruments, optical devices, source materials, the maintenance of laboratory equipment.

 

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OPT 108 History of Optics and Deontology   3 0 5
Optics related terms in the world, history and development of opticianry in the world and in Turkey, definition and philosophy of opticianry and the optician, relevant national and international organizations, role and responsibilities of the optician, opticianry education in the world and in Turkey, opticianry laws and regulations in Turkey and in the world.

 

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OPT 121 Communication with Visually Impaired   2 0 2
Visual impairment, visual role in the development, indicating visually impaired limitations in independent living skills, visual impairment tics peculiar to the visually impaired, behavior indicating visually impaired towards the visually impaired , the use of special tools indicating visually impaired, communication methods with visually impaired.

 

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OPT 122 Financing of Health Care Institutions   2 0 2
Cash flow statement; company valuations; theories of capital structure, dividend policy; rental-leasing finance; financial markets; international financial management, risk management and derivative products.

 

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OPT 123 Behavioral Sciences and Psychology   2 0 2
Fundamental concepts, areas and the importance of psychology, behavioral development based on psychoanalytic theories, concept of self and its functions, ego defense mechanisms, learning according to behavioral approach, importance of communication, factors facilitating and hindering communication, communication skills in specific cases, contact with aggressive patients, relations between attitudes, development and behaviors.

 

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OPT 124 Glass Technology   2 0 2
Raw material characteristics of the lenses with respect to production technologies, production stages of spherical and cylindrical lenses, gradient and coloring processes of lenses, anti-reflective coating technology, recognition indicia lenses and high-index lenses, measuring lens indices with optical devices, bifocal lens manufacturing technology, progressive lens manufacturing technology, lens manufacturing standards, lens quality control systems.

 

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OPT 203 Opticianry Laboratory I   0 0 5
Analysis of distances of photometric law by using Cobra 3 assembly, Snell's Law and diffraction of the light in different environments, Malus law, determining the intensity of the light, single and double slit systems diffraction, diffraction of the light in adjustable single slit and in an obstacle, single-slit diffraction and Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, Kerr effect , Fresnel's equations -reflection theory.

 

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OPT 204 Opticianry Laboratory II   0 0 5
Fitting frame lenses, eyeglass styles, glasses edge forms, prescription writing rules and concept of addition, prescription verification and data control, prescription eyeglass lenses and frames in accordance with data selection, glasses, glass and frames, pricing, specs and standards for window frames, centration and decentration; installation of eyewear lenses and eyewear frame, one-room building, determination of cylindrical lens glasses frame and axle assembly, adjustment of the human face, glasses frames.

 

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OPT 205 Contact Lenses   2 1 4
Definition of contact lens, its relationship with the cornea, required examinations for contact lens applications, optical properties and principles of contact lenses, their purpose of use and desired features, comparison of contact lenses and glasses, hard contact lenses, soft contact lenses, hydrogel lenses, silicone lenses, hydride contact lenses, disposable contact lenses, therapeutic contact lenses.

 

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OPT 206 Opticianry Entrepreneurship   3 0 5
Basic functions of entrepreneurship, contribution of SMEs to economy and to social life, weaknesses of SMEs; organizations providing support to SMEs in Turkey; franchising system and its benefits to investors, marketing and promotion strategies, business plans and task division.

 

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OPT 207 Opticianry   2 1 4
Lenses according to their chemical structure, protective and safety lenses, photochromic lenses, polaroid lenses, lens surface forms, lenticular lenses, high-index lenses, aspherical lenses, prescription writing rules, selection of the type of optical frames and lenses depending on face types, retroscopic and pantoscopic angle in glass frames, properties of eyeglass frames materials; damages of UV radiation and ways of protection.

 

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OPT 208 Eye Diseases   2 1 3
Methods of ophthalmologic examination and refractive status of the eyes; cover, conjunctiva and sclera diseases; glaucoma and optic nerve diseases; lenses and intraocular surgery; uvea, vitreous, retinal and macular diseases; laser use in ophthalmology; low vision rehabilitation.

 

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OPT 209 Use of Optical Devices   2 0 3
Test cards, their standards and types; tangent screens and perimeter shops, trial lenses and frames, retinoscopy, refractometers, ophthalmoscopes (direct and indirect ophthalmoscopes), fundus cameras, biomicroscopes, keratometers, keratoscopes, pachymetry shops, tonometers, microscopes, loops and magnifiers, fokometer shops, binocular vision and color vision tests, binocular balance tests.

 

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OPT 210 Opticianry Package Programs   2 1 4
Institutional and personal prescription entries, prescription accounts and batch breakdowns, automation of transpose during prescription entry; automatic calculation of the patient payment and of the bill total; invoicing procedures to patients and institutions; follow-up of all the patient procedures; printing address labels to patient cards; checking of the right of the patients to be reimbursed for glass frames; inventory tracking of glasses, frames and other related items; automated order processing.

 

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OPT 211 Visual Optics   2 2 4
General information on optics; anatomy and physiology of human eye's optical system; visual pathways, visual fields; reaction to light, color vision, visual acuity, factors influencing visual acuity, emmetropia-ametropia, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, presbyopia, cycloplegic , objective methods for the measurement of refractive errors.

 

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OPT 213 Medical Terminology   2 0 2
Medical terms prefixes; roots, suffixes, abbreviations; terms that define locations and regions in the body; musculoskeletal-related terms; circulatory, digestive, respiratory and nervous system terms, terms of sensory organs; urogenital system terms, reproductive system concepts; terms of the endocrine system, surgical diseases terminology, terms related to internal medicine; first-aid and emergency care terms, epidemiology and infectious agents and disease-related terms; concepts and terms related to mental health, pharmacological concepts and terms, terms related to anesthesiology.

 

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OPT 221 Store Management   2 0 2
Strategic planning process in the stores, store organization, human resource management in stores, retail financial management in stores, operation management, department management, inventory management, pricing in stores.

 

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OPT 222 Vocational Principles of Opticianry   2 0 2
Optical and optometric professions in the world and in Turkey, relevant institutions and organizations, definition of the opticianry, powers and responsibilities, opticianry legislation related to the profession in Turkey, optician legal responsibilities, optician duties in terms of professional ethics, materials used in opticianry, the overall presentation of materials and tools.

 

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OPT 223 Telescopic Glasses and Lenses   2 0 2
Use of telescopic glasses; lenses and their use in telescopic glasses, center right thickness in lenses; edge thickness of the lens; nominal (effective) diopters of lenses and vertex power adjustment; abbe value of the lenses; absorption, wavelength and reflection properties; lens aberrations; lenses protecting eyes from UV radiation; bifocal lenses, trifocal lenses, progressive lenses; relationship between vertex distance and effective power; low vision and its rehabilitation (low visibility).

 

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OPT 224 Research Methods and Techniques   2 0 2
Scientific research and its methods, interpreting research results, collection of research data, writing reports according to the rules of scientific research

 

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OPT 280 Seminar   1 1 3
Definition of research topic; research planning, literature survey, the research process; reporting the outcome of the research, presentation, discussion, evaluation.

 

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OPT 290 Summer Training   0 0 8
Thirty working days of summer apprenticeship and reporting of the work done.