Jean Monnet Module ‘European Security: Theories, Institutions, Issues’ (EUROSEC)


The module ‘European Security: Theories, Institutions, Issues’ (EUROSEC) is funded by the European Union as a Jean Monnet module for the following three years starting in 2016 with a total budget of €12,332. This module is be available both in the undergraduate and post-graduate curricula of the Department of International Relations. It brings together five scholars from three universities and aims to provide students with an in-depth understanding of recent issues, challenges and institutions of the post-Cold War European security order. The Jean Monnet module covers a wide range of issues including the roles played by the crucial institutions of the contemporary European security order; the potentials and limitations of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy; a range of specific contemporary issues (immigration and the large-scale movement of refugees to Europe, environmental degradation and energy security); the major security concerns in the EU’s immediate neighbourhood including the post-Soviet space and Russia, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions and the security dimensions of Turkish-EU relations. Throughout the module, teaching is enhanced by extracurricular activities including roundtable debates bringing together policy-makers at national and international level and senior researchers to discuss the security dimension of Turkey-EU relations, the pressing issues of European security, and seminars on study/scholarship opportunities in Europe and career prospects for young graduates in sectors of policy-making and in civil society. 

Associate Professor Alper Kaliber (module coordinator)

He is an associate professor in the Department of International Relations at Altınbaş University since 2014. He previously worked as a Marie Curie research fellow at European Institute, Istanbul Bilgi University and conducted the research project ‘Europeanisation of Public Debates and Civil Society in Turkey’ (EUROCIV) funded by the Career Integration Grant. Dr. Kaliber served as a research fellow at University of Birmingham conducting his project ‘De-securitizing Foreign Policy Unpacking the Impact of Europeanization: The Cyprus Case’, funded under the European Common Foreign and Security Policy Studies. He worked as a consultant and researcher in the SHUR project ‘Human Rights in Conflicts: The Role of Civil Society’ in the 6th Framework Programme. His areas of interest include Turkey-EU relations, Europeanisation, European security, critical security studies, the Cyprus conflict and the post-Cold War Turkish foreign policy. Dr. Kaliber received several awards including the Young Scientist Award from Turkey’s Science Academy in 2014. His articles have been published in various internationally standing journals including International Relations, Security Dialogue and South European Society and Politics.


Esra Kaliber (module assistant)

Esra Kaliber in an instructor in the Department of International Relations at Altınbaş University. Previously she worked in Okan University and Istanbul Bilgi University in Turkey. She holds a B.A in Translation and Interpreting from Bilkent University, Turkey and an M.A in International Studies (European Integration) from the University of Birmingham, UK. Esra Kaliber acts as the general assistant of the project, liaises with the Project and Research Support Office of to manage the project’s finances, manage the extra-curricular activities of the project and update the website of the module.


Associate Professor Senem Aydın-Düzgit

Dr. Senem Aydın-Düzgit (PhD, VUB; MSc, LSE; BA, Bogazici University) is an Associate Professor at Sabanci University and senior scholar at Istanbul Policy Centre. She is the author of Constructions of European Identity (Palgrave, December 2012) and (with Nathalie Tocci) Turkey and the European Union (Palgrave, June 2015). Her articles have been published in various journals including West European Politics, Cooperation and Conflict, Journal of Language and Politics, South European Society and Politics, Politique Européenne and Alternatives. She is also the Associate Editor of South European Society and Politics and a member of the Carnegie Rising Democracies Network.  She is the recipient of the 2014 Young Scholar Award of the Turkish Science Academy. Her principal research interests include EU enlargement, EU-Turkey relations, discourse studies, politics of identity and democratization.


Assistant Professor Tuba Turan

Tuba Turan is an assistant professor in the Department of International Relations at Istanbul Kemerburgaz University. She previously worked at the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) in the EU Framework Programmes Department as a Junior Scientific Officer and National Contact Point for the Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities theme. She has managed several FP6 projects as coordinator and work-package leader at TUBITAK. Her areas of interest include the nature and viability of positive peace; pre-conflict prevention and peacebuilding; conflict transformation and reconciliation and transitional/transformative justice. Her book entitled “Positive Peace in Theory and Practice: Strengthening The UN’s Pre-Conflict Prevention Role” was published by Brill Nijhoff in 2015.


Associate Professor Bahar Rumelili

Bahar Rumelili is Associate Professor and Jean Monnet Chair at the Department of International Relations, Koc University, Istanbul. She received her PhD degree at the Political Science Department of University of Minnesota in 2002. Her research has focused on international relations theory, European identity, conflict resolution, and the interaction between the EU and Turkish politics and civil society. She is the author of Constructing Regional Community and Order in Europe and Southeast Asia and the editor of Conflict Resolution and Ontological Security: Peace Anxieties. Her articles have appeared in European Journal of International Relations, Review of International Studies, Journal of Common Market Studies, and Journal of International Relations and Development. She received Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Council’s Incentive Award in 2014. Rumelili has significant experience in EU-funded research projects. She worked as a research fellow on the FP5 project, European Union and Border Conflicts (EUBorder-Conf) (2003-2005) and was an investigator in the FP7 Project, Enacting European Citizenship (ENACT) (2008-2010).

Jean Monnet: "Father" of the European Union

Jean Monnet (1888-1979) was born into a small brandy-producing family in Cognac. He left school at 16, and after a period gaining experience of financial affairs in London, he worked for the family business, travelling widely.

In 1915, Jean Monnet was declared unfit for military service, and spent the war instead in the civil service. He rose rapidly to the position of representative of the French government in London.

After the war, Jean Monnet was appointed deputy secretary-general of the League of Nations, but returned to private life when the family firm got into difficulties in 1922. He subsequently became an investment banker and financier.

In the Second World War, Jean Monnet worked first for the British government in Washington, then for Charles de Gaulle in Algiers. He was instrumental in preventing the British and Americans from replacing de Gaulle, who in 1946 appointed him as head of the Commissariat du Plan (French Economic Planning Commission).

Jean Monnet devised both the Schuman Plan and the Pleven Plan for a European Defence Community.

Jean Monnet was the first President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community between 1952 and 1955. Following the defeat of the proposed European Defence Community in the French National Assembly, he resigned from the High Authority to e free to promote further schemes for European integration, setting up the Action Committee for the United States of Europe.


European Security: Theories, Institutions, Issues is designed to provide students with a master’s level understanding of recent issues, challenges and institutions of the post-Cold War European security order. It examines both mainstream and critical approaches to security and explores how helpful they are to understand simultaneous, multifaceted and diverse challenges to peace and security in the European Union and in its wider neighbourhood.


In this respect, after discussing the concepts of security and Europe, the course first presents a critical overview of the history of European security from World War II up to the present time. The course will then examine traditional and critical approaches to international security by particularly focusing on their analyses on the conventional and new risks and threats shaping the post-Cold War European security order. Having provided students with an evaluation of different theoretical approaches to European security, the course then applies these insights in order to better understand:

1. the roles played by the crucial institutions of the contemporary European security order (NATO) OSCE, European Defence Agency (EDA) and the EU.

2. the potentials and limitations of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy and Common Security and Defence policy.

3. a range of specific contemporary issues (immigration and the large-scale movement of refugees to Europe, environmental degradation and energy security) in relation to the major security concerns in the EU’s immediate neighborhood including Russia, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions;

4. the historical evolution and the current issues of the security relations between Turkey and the EU-Europe.



Syllabus of the module

Click here for the syllabus of the module 

Learning Resources

  •   You can access the Moodle designed for the module if you are a registered student:

  •   The blogspot of the module is available here:


The module will yield several outputs in terms of research and publications. Below you can find a list of its research activities. Please check this page regularly to see the updates.


  •   Security Challenges Ahead of the EU and Its Wider Neighborhood


At the end of the module, each student will be asked to write a final paper consisting of approximately 4000 words regarding any topic indicated in the syllabus. The topic of the term paper will be consulted to and approved by the course instructor in due time. Students will be encouraged to conduct research particularly on issues and geographies of European security either uncovered or not thoroughly examined throughout the module due to limited time space. They will be encouraged to conduct interviews  and visit think tanks, NGOs  if necessary, do archival research and similar activities while preparing their research papers. The papers are expected to be clearly written, well researched, properly referenced, and hence meet the academic standards. The academic staff involved in the module will provide detailed feedback to students as regards the arguments, content, methodology, and style of their research proposals and suggest ways to further improve them. At the end of three years of the module, the best student papers will be selected for publishing. The papers will be revised and re-submitted by students if required, edited by a native speaker of English and published as an e-book which will be titled ‘Security Challenges Ahead of the EU and Its Wider Neighborhood’ and made available on the website of the module to the wider audience.


  •   Europeanisation of Turkish Foreign and Security Policy: Civil Society Involvement

The major research output of this Jean Monnet module will be an article which will be submitted to an international standing, SSCI-indexed journal in the fields of European security and civil society. This article will explore the impact of Europeanisation regarding the civil society involvement in Turkish foreign and security policies concerning the Syrian civil war and the influx of refugees from the war-torn country. It will particularly seek to explore whether civil society actors (business oriented NGOs, associations of ethnic minorities, faith-based groups and advocacy networks) have any power to influence the policy discourses and actions of the Turkish government on the issue. The study will in turn allow us to assess the degree of good fit or misfit between the European and the Turkish policy practices.


  •   Roundtable debate 


Rethinking the Security Equation: Pulling Turkey and the European Union Together or Apart?


This roundtable debate will address the (in)security dimensions of Turkey-EU relationship as well as the current challenges to European security with the participants coming from different disciplines and professional backgrounds. The security dimension of Turkey-EU relations has largely been ignored so far at the expense of other aspects economic, political and social. Yet, the recent political conjuncture, where challenges to international security have moved beyond the conventional military threats, necessitates a thorough analysis of the security matters shaping the Turkish-EU relations and the post-Cold War European security order.


  •   Workshop


Europe Comes Closer: European Integration, EU-Turkey Relations and Security in Wider Europe  


This will be a one-day workshop which will take place every year in the spring semester and will involve the high school students and their teachers based in the district of Bagcilar, Istanbul. The workshop will take place on university campus and will consist of a lecture followed by discussion and Q&A session.


  •   Seminar


EU Education and Career Seminar


Two seminars will be held in the second and third years of the module with the aim of creating public awareness among the students, staff, researchers, young professionals and members of civil society organisations about education, scholarship and career opportunities in Europe.



Aydin-Duzgit S. & Tocci N. (2015) Turkey and the European Union, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 115-133.


Buzan, B. et al. (1998), Security: A New Framework for Analysis, Lynne Rienner.


Biscop, S. and Whitman, R. (2013) The Routledge Handbook of European Security, Routledge. 


Breuer, F. and Kurowska, X. (2011) (eds), Explaining European Security and Defence Policy: Theory in Action, Palgrave Macmillan.


Cottey, A. (2013) Security in 21st Century Europe, Palgrave.


Duke, S. (2000), The Elusive Quest for European Security London: Macmillan.


Gänzle S. and Sens, A. (eds) (2007) The Changing Politics of European Security: Europe Alone? (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)


Geddes, A. (2015) Governing migration from a distance: interactions between climate, migration, and security in the South Mediterranean, European Security, 24(3), pp. 473-490.


Ginsberg, Roy H. (2012) The European Union in global security; The politics of impact (Basingstoke: Palgrave)


Howorth, J (2014) Security and Defence Policy in the European Union, Palgrave Macmillan.


Kaunert, C. and Zwolski, K. (2013) The European Union as a Global Security Actor: A Comprehensive Analysis beyond CFSP and JHA. Palgrave Macmillan.


Kavalski, Emilian (2008) Extending the European Security Community; constructing peace in the Balkans (Basingstoke: Palgrave).


Krause, Keith & Michael C. Williams (eds) (1997), Critical Security Studies: Concepts and Cases, UCL Press.


Marsh, S. And Rees, W. (2012) The European Union in security of Europe: from Cold War to Terror War, Abingdon: Routledge.

Merand, F (2008) European Defence Policy: Beyond the National States, Oxford University

Press, Oxford.


Merlingen, M. (2011) EU Security Policy. What it is? How it works? Why it matters?, Lynne Rienner, Boulder.


Schroeder, Ursula C. (2011) The Organization of European Security: internal and external security in transition (Abingdon: Routledge)


Sheehan, M. (2005), International Security: An Analytical Survey London: Lynne Rienner.


Terriff, Terry, et al. (1999), Security Studies Today, Polity Press.


Wagnsson, Charlotte, James A. Sperling and Jan Hallenberg (eds) (2009) European Security Governance: the European Union in a Westphalian world (Abingdon: Routledge)


Zwolski, K. (2012) ‘The EU as an International Security Actor after Lisbon: Finally a Green Light for a Holistic Approach?’, Cooperation and Conflict, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 68-87.


Special issue: Theorising the European Union as an International Security Provider: Actors, Processes, Outcomes and Impact, Global Society, 29(2), 2015. 

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  •   The certificates of the module are ready for the students to collect. Please contact the module coordinator or the assistant

Bahar Rumelili - Poster


Senem Aydın DÜZGİT - Poster






Dr. Alper Kaliber  - Module coordinator 


Address: Altınbaş University, Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Department of International Relations, Mahmutbey Dilmenler Caddesi No: 26 Bağcılar 34217  Istanbul Turkey

Phone: +90 212 604 0100 - 4060 (ext.)

Fax: +90 212 445 8171




Esra Kaliber - Module assistant

Address: Altınbaş University, Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Department of International Relations, Mahmutbey Dilmenler Caddesi No: 26 Bağcılar 34217 Istanbul Turkey

Phone: +90 212 604 0100 - 4603 (ext.)

Fax: +90 212 445 8171